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South Africa
South Africa Flag
Flag of South Africa
Full Name Union of South Africa

Unie van Suid-Afrika

Common Name South Africa
Motto Ex Unitate Vires

(From Unity, Strength)

Anthem The Call of South Africa

Die Stem van Suid-Afrika

Official Languages English, Afrikaans
Capital Pretoria
Government Structure Semi-presidential republic
Head of State James Hertzog
Head of Government D. F. Malan
Currency South African pound
Established 1910
Area (core territory) 1,845,320 km²
Population (core territory) Around 10 million

South Africa is a country in Africa. It is bordered by Mittelafrika to the north-west and the Portuguese colony of Mozambique to the north-east.

History

The interior of South Africa remained largely irrelevant with only small settlements throughout since the 18th century and well into the 19th century. This changed upon the great trek, which led to more Boer immigrants joining the smaller Boer settlements established in the 17th century) and the discovery of vast diamond and gold deposits in the area. The influx of British prospectors soon led to increasingly violent confrontations between British colonials and Boer Republicans. The period also saw the final, violent repressions of the last remaining free chiefdoms in South Africa. An attempt at a federal system incorporating both the colonies and the Boer republics was shattered by a Boer victory over the British at Majuba in 1881. The resulting Anglo-Boer War, which ranged from 1899-1902, led to an annexation of the Boer republics. The Boers, however, won the peace, creating a constitution that ensured the retention of white-only rule in South Africa. White Afrikaners still, however, held a great deal of resentment towards the British Empire. Following the events of the 1925 British Revolution, South Africa was able to annex the former British Bechuanaland Protectorate and South Rhodesia but had to leave the other African regions of the British Empire in German hands (later included in Mittelafrika). In 1924 the rising discontent with the government led to his defeat by a coalition of the pro-Afrikaner National Party and the socialist South African Labour Party. James Hertzog, the leader of the National Party and once a Boer general, became the new President of South Africa. Hertzog encouraged the development of the Afrikaner culture and was determined to protect the Afrikaner from British influence. This led to increasing tension between South Africa and the British Empire which culminated in South Africa leaving the Entente in February 1925, a decision that has been heavily contested after much of the neighbouring regions fell in German hands after the British Revolution.

Politics

Head of State: James Hertzog

Head of Government: D. F. Malan

Foreign Minister: Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr''

Interior Minister: Example

Economy Minister: Example

Intelligence Minister:" Example

Next Elections: May 1938

Conscription Law: Limited Conscription

Economic Law: Civilian Economy

Trade Law: Export Focus



Military

Army

South Africa has a small army, for defence purposes, consisting in 3 division located in Cape Town, Johannesburg and Durban (the latter two only at half strength). However, there are rumours about a possible expansion of the army in the future, as part of the military would like to take the initiative and expand the borders of South Africa at the expenses of its neighbours.

Navy and Air Force

When the British fleet was recalled to Canada in 1930, the coasts of South Africa were left undefended. Since then, only one light cruiser has been purchased and a handful of destroyers were built, but the military and the government had to face the fact that they did not have the funds to have a serious naval program to protect the country from external threats. There is no air-force and there are no serious plans for creating one.

Foreign Relations

Very good relations and with Canada and Australasian Confederation. Both countries also grant military access to South Africa.

Friendly relations with Portugal and Mittelafrika.

Unfriendly relations with Abyssinia.

The economy of the union was based on the mining of raw materials. After the 1925 British Revolution, the South African economy collapsed as the new Union of Britain wouldn't import South African raw materials like chromium. In 1927 Rieu signed a free-trade agreement with the Commonwealth of Canada and the Australasian Confederation to repair the economy. However, these efforts are not far-reaching.

Culture

The victory of the pro-Afrikaner National Party in the 1924 elections was very important for the development of the Afrikaner culture. Afrikaans replaced Dutch as the second official language of South Africa (with English) on 5 May 1925. Since then, the Afrikaner language and culture gained more and more importance.

See also